If an assessment is called into question, the issue needs to be rectified to not only protect the participants involved, but to protect the integrity of the study. Ethical principles psychologists and codes of conduct. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/confidentiality.aspx (accessed on 7 July 2018). If this is not the cause, then there should not be any conflicts. Regulatory-legal framework for the use of assessment centres in South Africa Any form of psychological assessment in SA is controlled within an extensive regulatory-legal framework. ). Having them sign a statement, ensuring total privacy and no disclosure to third parties was nerve-wracking, if something happened that was beyond my control. http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/confidentiality.aspx. Retrieved from https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-29/september/social-psychology-cybersecurity (accessed on 5 July 2018). Protecting your privacy: Understanding confidentiality. Ethical issues in psychological testing Sources for Ethical Decisions •APA: Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct •Local code, e.g. Ethical guidelines are vital in any psychological research. Three guidelines that related to using online testing in practice would be: Resolving Ethical Issues.It is important that ethical issues are resolved before moving forward. I had to conduct “research” for the research on how working in the Pentagon for multiple Defense Secretaries would not present bias, disclose any sensitive and/or classified information, or show favoritism to my research. Examples Of Ethical Issues In Psychology, The SM case study brings up an ethical question, as SM cannot feel fear. This is one I considered to be the most important since all coordination was online and there were so many challenges that could have come to fruition if I did not do my job of covering all bases to protect my participants, the University, and myself. Application One: An Ethical and Professional Quandry. Polish Psychological Association Ethical Code. And because all my interviews were recorded, I had them sign separate agreements for recording information and how those recordings would be handled (disposed of) after the study was completed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. As I stated in my initial post, there were additional issues I had to consider when working with my interviewees, based on having to interact with additional people and all correspondence was completed via Email and the Internet. Ethical issues arise before assessments are undertaken, during the testing process or collection of data, and after the information collected is scored, interpreted, and translated into a report. Journal of Career Assessment, 11 , 96–112. The ethical issues reviewed include the role of the psychologist as an expert witness, matters of competence, informed consent, confidentiality, multiple relationships, and special issues related to billing. 10 ways practitioners can avoid frequent ethical pitfalls. However, it is important that researchers take the utmost steps in ensuring that their participants and others involved in the research are not harmed (APA, 2018). CrossRef Google Scholar 1 Such guidelines also protect the reputations of psychologists, the field of psychology itself and the institutions that sponsor psychology research. Select one of the Ethical and Professional Quandries in Testing from Case Exhibit 1.2 in your textbook and describe the ethical issues specific to the scenario you selected. When I conducted research for my doctoral dissertation, I interviewed a sensitive population. Imagine that you are a psychologist and Kevin comes to see you. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Ethical principles mandate that the participant knows exactly what a researcher’s intentions are with the data collected, how it will be stored, and its use after the research/experiment is completed. Psychologists want to contribute to human welfare — and the vast majority of them do. Sometimes it can be challenging to avoid some ethical issues and that is protocol should be in place to mitigate violations as much as possible. ways to avoid the ethical issues in psychological assessments, Youth Issues Today and Teen Psychology: Teens and Depression An active mind is a good preventive measure, and can be a part of therapy for depression. For those that I conducted via the Internet, I ensured security specialists made sure lines were cleared to mitigate infiltration (sounds more serious than what it was). Psychologists find themselves hindered from administering alternative tests on patients strongly deemed necessary for which authorization has been denied. Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing One of the major ethical issues associated with psychological testing is the privacy issue. • They are ethical and skilled in their selection of assessment procedures, and their application to individuals and groups, the preparation of reports, and communication of results. Multicultural Issues Standard 9.02c • The Ethics Code places an increased emphasis on cultural competency. What made it difficult was that most of my coordination was completed online and I had to have additional protocol to protect the flow of information via the Internet. Q1. The ethical standards I mentioned are an amalgamation of characteristics on how those should handle people and their information. Ethical Issues in Psychological Research Research Essay Writing Assessment Answer. A: Per APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct, informed consent is required for research and most psychological services (Standard 3.10(a). Rather than explain each of the 80+ standards of the APA Ethics Code, the book examines the code's underlying principles. Why do you believe the APA established these standards? Resolving ethical issues in the cyber world through appropriate training and situational awareness is beneficial. (2016). I believe all ethical issues are important in a study, but there are some, in my opinion, that are more significant others when dealing with human subjects. When I was conducted my research, I tried to think about all possible ethical issues that could become a problem. The British Psychology Society. Provide a pro/con analysis of both potential decisions regarding whether or not to re-evaluate the client. 166 Ethical Issues in Psychological Assessment considerations best addressed before the assessment is begun, others come into play as the data are collected and analyzed, and still other ethical issues crop up after the actual assess-ment is completed. The American Psychological Association discusses 10 ways to avoid ethical issues (2018). One of the major ethical issue is about the privacy. Ethics are a key part of psychological investigation, as researchers have the responsibility to ensure that their practice is morally correct; ill practice could lead to banning from further practice as a psychologist.. (2018). Ethical issues may arise when proper procedures for per-forming assessments are not carried out. For example, bias and privacy issues played an important role in my research, based on the topic, the controversy of the acquisition [F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program], and the costs that affected American taxpayers. Discuss the ethical responsibilities a psychologist must consider if choosing to use psychological assessment tools to re-evaluate the client. 71-88. Protecting confidential information, respecting people's autonomy, and document are what I found to be the most significant in mitigating ethical issues. Foundations of psychological testing: A practical approach. - May release information if they receive a court order. I ensured all correspondence was with the participant and one immediate staff member (since they were responsible for scheduling and practically the individual’s entire professional life). Maintaining confidentially was key. Explain at least three ways in which psychologists can develop ethical resilience. The APA ethics code expresses ethical standards for internal factors including competence, privacy/confidentiality, record keeping and fees, education and training, and assessment. It is clear from the above discussion that ethical issues may well arise in the use of ACs generally, supporting a need for research in this field. Assess the MBTI and its use to provide results on your chosen figure or character and describe the efficacy and reliability of this assessment as … - Are required to report ongoing domestic violence, abuse or neglect of children, the elderly or people with disabilities. Q: I am conducting a psychological evaluation that has been ordered by the court. This solution is comprised of a detailed explanation of ethical concerns/issues related to assessment as it pertains to young children. - Disclose private information without consent in order to protect the patient or the public from serious harm — if, for example, a client discusses plans to attempt suicide or harm another person. Leach, M. M., & Oakland, T. (2007). I believe it is a very complex situation between ethical standards and cyber issues, especially in sensitive fields, dealing with human subjects. But despite their best intentions, they may find themselves in situations where they unwittingly slip into unethical behaviors. Ethical standards impacting test development and use: A review of 31 ethics codes impacting 35 countries. When dealing with people and sensitive (and/or private) information, it is mandated that specific procedures are implemented to ensure researchers are not only protecting the integrity of the work, but are protecting the participants involved. There are ethical standards in testing psychology due to the unique involvement of observing and conducting research on human subjects. Ethical codes, such as those established by the American Psychological Association, are designed to protect the safety and best interests of those who participate in psychological research. Breaching the concept of trust is when problems arise within the psychological field and those in the profession could potentially deal with hackers infiltrating systems to obtain sensitive and personnel information. Since the client has no choice but to participate, do I need to gain informed consent for this service? Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/ (accessed on 2 July 2018). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/monitor/jan03/10ways.aspx. In the final part, other ethical issues which are psychologist-counselor relationship in psychological assessment, computer-based assessment, psychological assessment in … This was especially important to ensure there were not any conflicts with ethics, laws, and regulations between both agencies (American Psychological Association [APA], 2018). This was a determining factor with some deciding whether to move forward with the interview. There are ethical codes for psychology, domestically and abroad, that are predicated on testing standards specific to the codes of conduct (Leach & Oakland, 2007). I know most fields require this training so those who deal with ethical issues, it is recommended. This was somewhat challenging because I interviewed people who were considered “special or protected” populations. For example, if a psychologist is working a project with his/her superior, there are two relationships: supervisor and subordinate and collaborative researchers. & Miller, L. A. 2nded. • The Code stresses increased sensitivity to the difficulties in providing psychological services when language fluency is not shared (by the psychologist and client). The social psychology of cybersecurity. Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing Activity 9 Psychologists regularly conduct research where they have to ensure they are meeting ethical guidelines and professional standards. Ethical Issues in Assessments with Infants and Children Margarita M. Posada Fordham University When conducting assessments with infants and children it important for psychologists to be mind-ful of the ethical issues that may arise. Also, there were laws involved on what I could discuss and how I could represent my research to the public. Analyze how ethical issues might affect the implementation of MBTI personality assessment in the setting native to your chosen figure or character. The ethical issues in psychology will help discover the various areas in the field that should be tread upon with sensitivity. Psychological Assessment. I ensured all correspondences were labeled “FOUO” (For Official Use Only) to understand there was sensitive, but not classified information within the emails because there was an obligation to protect the participant’s information (APA, 2018). He's been having trouble concentrating recently. (2018). All the elements presented are relevant because it deals with ethical standards of how researchers should conduct themselves, have sound protocol to protect their participants, and protect confidential information. APA states a psychologist should refrain from such a relationship if the collaboration “impairs the psychologist’s objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing his or her functions as a psychologist, or otherwise exploits or harm to the person with whom the professional relationship exists” (2018, para. Psychological Assessment, 25(4), 1322-1331. doi: 10.1037/a0034103 We are an Essay Writing Company Get an essay written for you for as low as … (2018). However, this makes psychologists responsible for actions they t… 7). The American Psychological Association discusses 10 ways to avoid ethical issues (2018). In Britain, ethical guidelines for research are published by the British Psychological Society and in America by the American Psychological Association. Human relations are an especially important, and it is dependent upon the organizations to ensure there are methods in place to protect patients, their information, and enforce privacy and confidentially laws that not only relate to the privacy rights under HIPAA, but those rights patients have when participating in experiments and research studies. Protecting confidential information, respecting people's autonomy, and document are what I found to be the most significant in mitigating ethical issues. As for the psychological field, I believe the ethical standards hold up to cybersecurity initiatives as much as those who implement and enforces such standards. MODULE 3. This one-of-a-kind book acculturates the reader into ethical practice in psychology by enhancing critical thinking skills. Aligned Learning Outcomes: a. demonstrate an understanding of ethical issues in a research context b. demonstrate knowledge of the different research methods used in psychology c. demonstrate knowledge in the design and conduct of psychological research d. The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology, and psychologists themselves. Ethics are the boundaries set in order to protect participants from psychological harm and it is a psychologists duty to ensure that these guidelines are followed. One of the most frequent ethical issues that confronts psychologists in the schools is the process of parental consent and involvement. It was very important that they know that not only would they remain anonymous (optional), it would be clear on what I would do with the information after it had been analyze, interpreted, and produced results. Additionally, organizations should be held accountable for their IT departments to ensure they have the most innovative systems and security software programs to mitigate cyber hackings and other security breaches. That might happen if a person's mental health came into question during legal proceedings (American Psychological Association, 2018). The British Psychological Society (BPS) have set a code of ethics because of this. issues. This may range from informed consent and confidentiality, to appropriate test use and proper testing protocol. Studies have shown that time spent with television can be correlational to symptoms of ADHD , and can have a direct correlation with depression in teens, especially males. Ethical and professional issues in career assessment with lesbian, gay, and bisexual persons. Human Relations. McAlaney, J., Thackray, H., Taylor, J. The results or findings of the psychological test should not be disclosed to any other third party. • Psychologists bring ethical commitment, knowledge and skills to the practice of psychological assessment and are aware of their duty of care to their clients. The Department of Defense had its own ethical standards I had to follow, in conjunction with the University’s standards. McIntire, S. A. Privacy and Confidentiality. If there's consistent violations, that mitigate credibility and in turn, the researcher can lose credibility to publish work that may be significant to the field. This sensitivity is manifested in greater consideration of cultural issues with respect to every aspect of test development and use, including decision making on the basis of test data. Legal, ethical and practice issues that face the forensic psychologist-workshop (2 tapes) Jack S Annon PhD: psychology tape: 3034: This workshop is designed to familiarize the forensic psychologist with the tools available for risk assessment and management planning as they relate to ethical and legal issues in the practice of forensic psychology. For example, I was active duty Air Force at the time, worked at the Pentagon, was a student, and my research was on the United States’ largest acquisition to date: The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program. Start studying Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing. Informed consent is a legal issue. Department of Defense (the Pentagon). (2007). (However, if an adult discloses that he or she was abused as a child, the psychologist typically isn't bound to report that abuse, unless there are other children continuing to be abused.). As McAlaney, Thackray, and Taylor state (2016) online communications are as good as those understanding the relationship of trust, interdependence, and the sharing information within a virtual world. pp. These are the 9 Major Ethical Issues in Psychology Psychology is a very sensitive field and ethical concerns are likely to arise when carrying out research and prescribing any method of treatment to an individual. Psychologists are also obligated to select nonbiased test instruments and use them in a way that is not racially or culturally biased. I had all participants sign thoroughly-written confidentiality agreements and disclosure agreements (Informed Consent). It's all about protecting their interests and protecting the establishment that is responsible for one's study. This chapter includes the sources of ethical principles and standards, the major ethical issues in clinical practice, and methods of regulation. Provide a pro/con analysis of both potential decisions regarding whether or not to re-evaluate the client. United Kingdom: Taylor & Francis. (Maruish, 2002) asserts that informed consent is a continuous process and requires on going solicitations. Not obtaining informed consent may increase the psychologist’s liability from damages that may occur from law suits that may be filed against him by the patient. This brings value to ethical standards and the willingness for participants to want to be involved in experiments. American Psychological Association. American Psychological Association. My research was an example of working in a “multiple relationship” capacity and I am sure this is especially relevant in psychology, if psychologists are conducting studies with their colleagues or other individuals, which can impose some type of conflict. The Health I am sure the same applies for the psychological field when it comes to online testing. 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